Budapest, Hungary: Historical Jewel of Europe Part 3
After the turn of the 18th century, Budapest has never ceased to be an important city with a world significance. It entered an allegiance with the Austrian Empire under the Habsburg until it was dissolved after the defeat of Austria after the First World War. This defeat paved way for the establishment of the independent Republic of Hungary. However, the city never escaped the Second World War, given Nazi Germany led the destruction of metropolis by the Americans and British air raids. Following the Second World War, the Russians exerted more influence in Hungarian influence, which made the country under the communist rule until the democratic processes were restored after the Fall of the Iron Curtain. Budapest’s modern history is perhaps the most influential to the Hungarians living in the Paris of Eastern Europe.
This is the third and last part of the Budapest series. Click here for the First Part and Second Part.
1. Marcipán Múzeum Budapest
The Marcipan Museum is a place for chocolate lovers. Marcipan is said to have come from the Middle Ages from Persia, which was later brought to Europe. It was named after Patron Saint of Venice, St. Mark.
2. Hess András tér
This is a square dedicated to Andrew Hess, the creator of the first book in Hungary. There has no so much changes made in the square not until the Turkish occupation of the Hungarian capital.
3. Magyar Nemzeti Levéltár Országos
It was first located in Pressburg (Bratislava, Slovakia) before it was transferred to Budapest. The National Archives of Hungary is considered the nation’s record keeper of scientific researches, family history and legal documents.
4. Porta di vienna
Vienna Gate Square is the port connecting the Buda Castle with the highway to the Austrian capital, Vienna. It was formerly named as the Saturday Gate because the Saturday markets were held there before.
5. Szent Anna templom
This is the church for the mother of the Virgin Mary. This shows the influence of the Catholic church, which dates back from Habsburg rule.
The Parliament of Budapest is the city’s most famous public building located along the Danube River. The building is symmetrical given that the north wing is used by the upper house, while the south wing is for the lower house. Interestingly, the Parliament building is the world’s third largest of its kind.
7. Budai Református Egyházközség
The Buda Reformed Church is a Protestant church established during the end of the 18th century. It is a building very visible blocking the view of the Parliament seen from the Buda Castle.
8. Id. Antall József rkp.
This is the river bank opposite of the Parliament named after the Jozsef Antall, who gave protection to thousands of Polish refugees during the German occupation of Hungary and annihilation of Jews.
9. Rákóczi Ferenc Iovasszobra
This is a statue of the Hungarian nobleman and the leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg. He is considered the national hero of Hungary. He was symbol of independence of the Hungarian people against monarchy.
10. Kossuth Lajos tér
This is symbolic place of the Hungarian state and the country’s modern history. This is called the nation’s main square. The Parliament, Ministry of Agriculture and Palace of Justice are located along the street.
11. Néprajzi Múzeum
The Museum of Ethnography is national museum in Budapest. It houses a collection of Hungarian folk objects from the 19th century, before the First World War, including those from Slovakia and Romania.
12. Terror Háza
The House of Terror exhibits anything related to the fascist and communist regimes in the occupation of Nazi, Germany and the Soviet Union.
13. Andrássy út
This is the street of the first underground railway in Continental Europe. It was named after Stalin during the Soviet occupation, and was renamed as the Avenue of Hungarian Youth after the Hungarian revolution.
14. Hősök tere
The Heroes’ Square is one of the major square in Budapest, which has played an important part of contemporary Hungarian history. The central feature of the square is the Millennium Memorial, commemorating the thousand anniversary of the Hungarian conquest in the Carpathian Basin.
16. Szépművészeti Múzeum
The Museum of Fine Arts has the collection of international, Egyptian art, and those coming from the Buda Castle.
The City Park is a public park in the center of the Budapest. It was formerly called as the Batthyany Forest, after the Hungarian Magnate family that lived there previously.
18. Vajdahunyad vára
The castle in the City Park was built at the end of 18th century. This was built as celebration of the one thousand years since the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin.
19. Jáki kápolna
This is the most renowned chapel famous for marriages because of the atmosphere of the chapel and historic environment.
20. Széchenyo Gyógyfürdő és Uszoda
This is the largest medicinal bath in Europe. The water was composed of sulphate, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and fluoride; which was effective acute joint inflammations.
21. Kós Károly stny.
This is the street across the City Park named after a politician of Austria-Hungary and Romania, claiming to represent the Hungarian community.
The Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport serves the capital city. It offers international routes primarily Europe, Middle East and Asia. In 2015, there was an increase of passengers to ten million.
The history of Hungarian people is showcased on the buildings and monuments. The Hungarian values are shaped from a colorful history from the conquest of the Carpathian Basin, Mongol and Turk invasion, the dual monarchy with Austria, German fascism and Soviet communist influence. Personally, I found Budapest more interesting from a historical perspective. Due to that, I am encouraged to visit the Hungarian capital at least once more in the future.